The National Institute of Drug Abuse reports that 15 percent, that is one in six individuals in the U.S. has used cocaine. Research further shows that more people seek recovery assistance for cocaine use than any other drug. Cocaine users between the ages of 18 and 25 also reported using other illicit drugs including Ecstasy, LSD, and Heroin.
Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant and it affects brain function. Users report a euphoric sensation, feeling energetic, an increase in confidence, intense happiness, and alertness. Cocaine addiction has a significant impact on relationships in families, relationships at work, and school, as well as other social implications.
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The health risks that are most associated with cocaine abuse are heart attack and stroke. Other heart issues connected to use are:
• Calcification of the arteries
• Deterioration of heart tissue
• Blocked arteries
• Heart abnormalities
• Heart disease
Excessive and chronic cocaine abuse can also lead to sinus issues that include the inability to smell and a deviated septum.
Effects of Abuse and Addiction
It is not uncommon for people who use cocaine to withdraw and isolate themselves from their loved ones and others. Commonly, their personal hygiene will take a significant decline and they may appear to have a constant cold or the flu – with irritated eyes and runny nose.
Cocaine users undergo a complete personality change. They may be depressed in one moment and positive and energetic in the next and the change may also shift in their attitude and behavior toward family and friends.
Over time, people who use cocaine will develop side effects from continued cocaine use:
• Panic attacks
• Mood swings
Help with Cocaine Abuse and Addiction
Cocaine addiction does not require detox. However, since most individuals also use other drugs or alcohol, they may require medical detox for their substance abuse and addiction.